Symptoms of AIDS and HIV infection
Diagnosing of AIDS
HIV infection is considered to be very «insidious». It is linked with the fact that introduction of immunodeficiency virus in the organism of a man and its reproduction causes no symptoms of HIV-infecting.
The first signs of HIV are non-obvious. For example, in a few weeks after HIV infecting temperature can rise to 37, 5 – 38, lymphatic glands enlarge, sometimes there is the unpleasant feeling in a throat, pain at swallowing, red spots appear on a skin, diarrhea in many cases.
HIV patients take no the notice to the origin of similar symptoms https://kingessays.com/synthesis-essay.php, recognizing them as the signs of cold or insignificant poisoning. It is difficult to distinguish them from the symptoms of ordinary cold or flu. All the more, all of infected have these primary symptoms of HIV and they disappear quickly. However, in case if they were really caused by HIV infection, their disappearance means that development of the infection goes along headily.
Presence of HIV infection in an organism can be absolutely unnoticeable during 10-12 years: this is the time, as a rule, that passes from a moment an HIV infection to the development of AIDS with no treatment.
Sometimes an infection let the patient know about it with such almost unnoticeable signs of HIV, as the enlargement of a few lymphatic glands on the back side of neck, above a collar-bone, sometimes on the front side of neck, in underarm, in the groin. In this case it is necessary check up not only those diseases, traditionally accompanied with glands enlargement (for the unique sign of lymphogranulomatosis), but also HIV infection.
The first signs of AIDS appear when the development of the infection progresses and weakening of the immune system of HIV infected patient become obvious. Those signs can pass or be easily cured among healthy people. On this stage any infection can result in the mortally dangerous condition, illnesses of internal organs, gradually resulting in death.
AIDS and its symptoms are constantly appearing diseases: pneumonia, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus infection, herpes and many others, which are named opportunistic infections. Exactly these diseases result in heavy consequences more frequently than all. This stage of development of HIV infection is accepted to name the human acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, so called AIDS.
On this stage HIV infection regenerates in a serious, painful illness, when patient sometimes even can not independently stand up, move and carry out elementary independent actions. The care of such patient is usually carried out by native people, relatives in home terms.
Presently, in time diagnosed and competent treatment of HIV can move away the development of HIV infection to the stage of AIDS informative essay on an indefinitely long term, and to save life of a patient and its quality in such a way.
It is necessary to mark that HIV infection frequently combines with other infectious diseases, transmissible by sexual way. In these cases both the danger of AIDS and danger for life of a patient rises, caused by presence of concomitant infections. Today, such “associations” of HIV and other pathologies are the large problem of medicine.
I can not help saying that AIDS belongs to those diseases, information about which for the great number of people is equivalently to information about capital sentence. It is caused both by the real danger and incurability of HIV infection, and no doubt by that psychological atmosphere which surrounds AIDS patients. Therefore the consequences of HIV infection touch not only physical but also psychical health of a man.
In a physical plan an HIV infection can have the most different consequences. Having adequate treatment with modern antiviral preparations patient can live for many years practically without worsening of quality of life, certainly, except those problems which are caused by treatment: necessity of constant medical examinations and necessary medicine therapy.
Psychological trauma which is got by a man on receiving the information about the diagnosis of HIV, as a rule, is like a physical illness. Only during the last years public opinion and the relation to sick people changed, now they are not social outcasts. But work in this direction must be conducted during a lot of years just to achieve good results. SO it is necessary to say that a problem of AIDS is a problem not only medical but also psychological, and social.
In regard to mutual expectations between HIV infected people and society the term of “stigmatization” is often used. It means rejecting of one people by others, and those senses which are experienced by the rejected people, their expectations of those negative reactions from the side of surrounding people, which result in discrimination. In order that to avoid similar discrimination of HIV infected people it is very important to know, what HIV is, and how it is transmitted and how is not.
HIV spreads through the liquid environment of an organism. It can be found in blood, sperm, vaginal liquid, human milk. Some liquids of body can be treated. They are liquids, surrounding brain and spinal cord, joint (articular) liquids and last liquid around a future child.
HIV transmits from one man to other by having all kinds of sex (vaginal, anal or oral) with a man which is infected by HIV. The risk of HIV infection rises when ignorant people use one syringe with a drug addicts or patients which are infected by HIV. The two more cases are blood transfusion medical practice, which is HIV infected and during pregnancy, deliveries or breast-feeding, when HIV can transmit from a mother which is infected HIV.
HIV does not spread through embrace, handshakes or kisses with the closed mouth (there is a little chance to get the HIV infection because of the “French” kiss or kiss with the opened mouth, if there is a contact with blood), food intake together with the infected person, work, intercourse and communication with HIV infected, the use of telephones, bites of insects, through tears or by swimming in one reservoirs.
Many people have no signs, when they are HIV infected at the beginning, and some do not have in general signs during many years. The display of signs depends only on a man. But some people have the signs of flu during a month or two after an infection of HIV. Similar to the flu signs are a fever, head pain, fatigue (you get tired faster and in a small periods of time), exaggerated lymph nodes (tonsils in a neck and in the groin). These simple signs show up within a week. Even if there are still no signs of the infection, HIV can already be passed to other man.
People should also know that HIV is never diagnosed on the base of degraded symptoms lab report. You can have all of these signs, but to be non-infected. These symptoms and organic disorders can be caused by some other diseases. To know, whether you have HIV, you must pass through several analyses and pass testing. If you know that you have HIV, there are no means to cure it, but there are some methods to support the healthy condition.
It is important to remember that HIV actively operates in your organism, even when you do not have signs. As soon as HIV infection spreads in your organism, you will begin to feel ill. For many people, first sign of illness which they notice are enlarged lymph knots (exaggerated tonsils). Other signs which can follow this state are unbearable fatigue, sharp loss of weight, prolonged fevers, sharp sweating at night, head pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, buzzing of muscles, ulcers in the mouth and other mucous membranes, quinsy and pour.
There are also other signs, which are more widespread, serious, and practically can not be treated among women with HIV. They are vaginal infections of “fermentation”, other vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginitis, gonorrhoea, chlamidiosis, trichomoniasis and other illnesses, transmissible by sexual way, pelvic illness, or infection of woman genital organs, menstrual changes of cycle, and also absence of periods or presence of the permanent bleeding; human papilloma virus (HPV), infections which cause sexual warts and can result in a cervical cancer.
As an immune system continues to “relax”, other illnesses and infections, which affect eyes, digestive system, kidneys, lungs, skin and brain can develop.
Diagnosing of AIDS
The centers of Control and Prevention of Illness (center of control of diseases) determine AIDS, as the infection and presence less than 200 cells of CD4 on the cube millimeter of blood (Healthy people must have CD4 cells and T cells at the rate of 1000 and more) or presence of at least one problem with a health, characteristic for people with AIDS, some of which are called adjusted to the infections. But these problems usually do not make a healthy man a patient. People who have AIDS can have serious accomodating infections which can be fatal, because their antibodies can not overcome them.
Three stages from HIV to AIDS are mainly determined. HIV infection makes progress gradually. These stages of development of signs depend on the amount of virus in blood. The first stage is the initial stage.
An incubation period is the time, when a man is infected HIV, and when early signs begin to develop. Such period can last a few days or weeks. Signs, similar to the flu quite normal in the period of the first stage of infection which is named a sharp retroviral syndrome. The signs of sharp retroviral syndrome are often similar to the signs of other viral infection, flu or mononucleois infection, and can include the cramps of stomach, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, enlarged lymphatic glands in a neck, arm-pits and in the groin, fever, head pain, pain is in muscles and joints, eruption on the skin, quinsy, loss of weight.
These first signs dbq essay can be varied from tolerant to unbearable and usually disappear in 2 or 3 weeks.
The adjusting stage goes then.
Since a man is infected HIV, a lot of years without the display of other signs of illness can pass. When the signs return, they can be indefinite and difficult for description (although some people complaint about feeling of tiredness or sickly state along the whole period). A doctor can suspect that the man has HIV infection, if signs are saved or if reason of these signs can not be identified. HIV can be also suspected, when a few followings signs are present: diarrhea or other changes in an intestine; difficulties with the concentration of attention; dry cough; fatigue; fever; loss of appetite; wounds in to the mouth, changes in the structure of nails; nightly sweating; enlarged lymph knots in a neck, arm-pits, and in the groin; pain at swallowing; change in personality of man; repeated flashes of simple herpes; shortness of breath; pricking, insensitivity, and weakness in the extremities; unexplained loss of weight; trush.
Moreover, HIV can be suspected, when a woman has at least one of the present followings changes: More than 3 vaginal infections during the year, which can not be connected with the use of antibiotics; current stimulant pelvic illness; bad results of the tests Papanikolau or cervical cancer.
Children with HIV often have other signs than teenagers or adults (for example, decelerations in growth or increased irritability).
And the third stage of HIV infection is the last one. During the last stage of HIV infection, illness makes a progress to AIDS. Some of the signs of AIDS include fatigue, loss of weight, diarrhea, fever, nightly sweating and trush. In this period it is very simple to hook on any infections or illnesses, for example pneumonia or cancer, which will more probably develop in the organism when the immune system is weakened so much.
If HIV flows without some treatment, AIDS develops after it and most people have all it symptoms in 12 – 13 years. Treating HIV infection, the progression to AIDS stage can be deferred or prevented. A lot of people which are infected HIV reach AIDS stage during approximate 3 years, if they do not get the proper treatment. It is not known why an infection makes quick progress among some group of people.
To cut the long story short I should say that HIV is the most dangerous infection in the world and every person should know some simple rules how to prevent it and be careful, how to act in such situations and how to act with the infected people.